What is Cloud Terminology-Key Definitions?

Cloud Computing

The technique of using a remote network of computers, commonly referred to as servers, to manage, store, and process data through the internet is referred to as a computing paradigm. This is made possible by cloud programmes such as Google Drive and Dropbox.

Characteristics of Interest:

  • On-demand self service
  • Broad network access
  • Resource pooling
  • Rapid elasticity
  • Measured service

Deployment Models:

  • Private Cloud
  • Community Cloud
  • Public Cloud
  • Hybrid Cloud

Adaptive Enterprise

An organization in which demand and supply for services or goods are always synced and matched. Adaptive businesses are extremely adaptable, with the ability to change procedures and routines in almost real-time in reaction to environmental changes. It weathers changing conditions well, but it also leads the charge through the transition and emerges victorious. In the long run, this attracts and retains a devoted consumer base. Adaptive organizations continuously adapt to developments in the global market, ensuring that their services or products are never obsolete.

AWS GovCloud

An Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud data center area is specifically created to meet strict specifications set forth by the U.S. government. Citizens in the United States can use this cloud service to run sensitive workloads that comply with strict regulatory standards such as the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP), the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), and the Department of Defense (DoD) Cloud Computing Security Requirements Guide (SRG) Levels 2 and 4 of the Department of Defense Cloud Computing Security Requirements Guide (SRG) U.S. citizens who follow export regulations and laws and are not subject to export restrictions are granted access to the AWS GovCloud.

Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS)

A third-party AI outsourcing service that allows enterprises and individuals to experiment with language, vision, and speech comprehension skills without a large upfront investment and with lower risk. AI often entails a diverse set of methods that enable computers to tackle complex problems by generalizing data. Users can input data, run sophisticated models in the cloud, and obtain results via a cloud platform or API, drastically lowering development time and increasing time-to-value.

Auto Scaling

A cloud computing function automatically scales up or down the number of computing resources allocated to your application depending on its current processing requirements. Autoscaling ensures that new instances are continuously added during demand spikes and that existing instances are removed when demand declines, resulting in lower costs and more consistent performance. End-users can configure one uniform scaling policy per application source, such as a set of resource tags or an AWS CloudFormation stack, using AWS Auto Scaling.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)

Amazon offers a number of cloud computing services. There are services for IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS cloud computing paradigms. Amazon S3, Amazon Elastic Beanstalk, and Amazon EC2 are all popular AWS services.

Application Programming Interface (API)

An interface that allows users to obtain data from other services or apps and incorporate it into their own application. A set of defined requests, routines, and protocols are used to provide access. APIs have become indispensable tools for software developers.

Availability Zones

Are our data center sites segregated from one another to prevent downtime due to unforeseen outages? The zones are usually separated by geography. Depending on their individual needs, businesses can choose to establish one or more global availability zones.

Backend as a Service (BaaS/mobile backend/mBaaS)

A cloud computing approach in which mobile app developers are given the tools and resources they need to build a cloud backend for their apps. Developers may use mBaaS to connect their apps to backend cloud storage while taking advantage of features like push alerts, user management, and social network integration. Custom application programming interfaces (APIs) and software development kits are used to provide the service (SDKs).

Big Data

The vast volume of structured, semi-structured, and unstructured data that is difficult to mine using typical software and database techniques is referred to as “big data.” The three v’s of big data are volume of data, variety of data types, and the speed at which the data must be handled.

A mix of a decision-making methodology based on analytical insight generated from data and a collection of enabling technologies that allow the insight to be economically derived from sometimes very vast, heterogeneous data sources.

Cloud Application (or cloud app)

An external service or software that is hosted by third-party computers in the cloud. It makes remote computing easier by emulating some of the features of remote desktop software. Cloud apps are accessed using a web browser and do not take up space on the user’s machine. Google Drive and Dropbox are two examples of services that allow users to edit, save, and share files, photos, and links.

Big Data as a Service (BDaaS)

An outside vendor provides information or statistical analysis tools to help firms understand and apply insights gleaned from massive data sets in order to gain a competitive advantage. Big Data, in its broadest sense, refers to data collections with high velocity, volume, and variety that are challenging to manage and extract value from. Organizations studying big data frequently discover that they lack the necessary capacity to store and process it. Enterprises can use Big Data as a Service (BDaaS) solutions to bridge the processing and storage gap as a result of the big data trend.

Business Intelligence

Refers to the technology, methods, and applications that are used to gather, analyze, integrate, collect, and present business data. BI tools access and analyze data sets, then show analytical findings in charts, graphs, dashboards, summaries, maps, and reports to provide precise intelligence about the status of their business to managers, executives, and other cooperating end-users. The demand for BI arose from the idea that decision-makers who have inadequate or erroneous data make worse decisions than those who have more data. Companies that use business intelligence strategies can turn their collected data into insights for their operations. The information can then be used to make strategic business decisions that boost productivity, accelerate growth, and boost revenue.

BYOD (Bring Your Own Device)

Employee-owned devices are increasingly being used to connect to corporate networks and access work-related systems as well as potentially confidential or sensitive data. It’s part of a bigger IT consumerization trend, which involves bringing consumer gear and software into the workplace. BYOD can go under the radar as shadow IT; nonetheless, an increasing number of companies are adopting BYOD standards. Bring your own applications (BYOA), bring your own laptop (BYOL), and bring your own apps (BYOA) are more precise versions of the term (BYOA).

Cloud as a Service (CaaS/Cloud Service)

Any resource made available to an end user across a network, often the internet, is referred to as a network resource. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS) are the most prevalent cloud service resources (SaaS).

Cloud Architect

IT specialists tasked with developing and executing cloud-related strategies, plans, and applications inside an organization’s increasingly complicated cloud infrastructure. They often report to a senior-level employee, such as an IT director, and work closely with other members of the technology team, such as developers and DevOps engineers, to create client interactions. It is a rapidly changing sector that necessitates someone who is up to date on the latest technologies and trends.

Cloud Automation

The tools and practices that a company uses to reduce the manual efforts associated with the provisioning and management of cloud computing workloads. Through the use of various software automation solutions that are directly installed on the virtualization platform and operated through an interactive interface, automation aims to make all cloud computing tasks as efficient and fast as feasible. Cloud computing resources are too sophisticated for most businesses to manage and control in real time. Cloud automation will become more important as businesses continue to transfer their activities to the cloud.

Cloud Bridge

It refers to a secure IPSEC VPN tunnel that connects two or more cloud environments to allow for easier communication. It’s widely used to connect private infrastructure to a service provider’s infrastructure, allowing private and public clouds to communicate. As a result, hybrid cloud setups enable users to take use of both cloud types.


A statistic for assessing the scalability and performance of cloud applications running on hosted cloud platforms. A positive cloudburst shows that the cloud-based application is effective and capable of scalability management. A negative cloudburst means that you won’t be able to cope with a surge in demand.

Cloud Browser

The idea of remote browser isolation is implemented by a cloud-based mix of a web browser software and a virtualized container. A cloud browser, which is housed in the data center of a cloud platform, serves as a proxy between the target web server and the user. The end-user requests and processes a page from the destination server. The only traffic that reaches the end user is a near-real-time streaming image of the requested page, not the code. It becomes more cost-effective, manageable, scalable, secure, and centralized when a web browser is hosted in the cloud. Security-conscious enterprises are the primary users of cloud browsers.

Cloud Engineer

An IT expert in charge of all aspects of cloud computing, including planning, design, management, and upkeep. They may also evaluate an organization’s infrastructure and move various functions to a stable and reliable cloud-based solution. As more businesses migrate critical business apps and processes to private, public, and hybrid cloud infrastructures, the demand for cloud engineers is growing.

Cloud Foundry

Pivotal Software, a joint venture between General Electric, EMC, and VMware, owns an open-source Platform as a Service (PaaS) created in-house at VMware and is now owned by Pivotal Software. Cloud Foundry is extremely flexible, allowing developers to write code in various frameworks and languages, reducing the risk of vendor lock-in, which is a major problem with PaaS.

Cloud IDE

A cloud-based programming environment that resembles a traditional Integrated Development Environment (IDE), with features such as a code editor, debugger, compiler, and GUI builder. Cloud IDEs allow developers to collaborate in real time in a single working environment, reducing incompatibilities and increasing efficiency. They are easily accessible through web browsers, and users can make use of clusters, which can possibly outperform a single development computer in terms of processing power.

Cloud Integration

A cloud-based programming environment featuring capabilities such as a code editor, debugger, compiler, and GUI builder that resembles a standard Integrated Development Environment (IDE). Cloud IDEs enable developers to work together in real time in a single workspace, eliminating incompatibilities and enhancing productivity. Users can use clusters, which might potentially outperform a single development computer in terms of processing power, and they are conveniently accessible through web browsers.

Cloud Economics

Cloud computing is a field of study that covers the prices, concepts, and benefits of the technology. This helps businesses to save money and reinvest it in new product development or expansion. Before deciding whether or not to invest in the time and knowledge required to maximize cloud investments, IT decision-makers inside an organization must carefully assess the economics of migrating to the cloud.

Cloud Load Balancing

In a cloud environment, the practice of dividing computer resources and workloads among numerous application servers. Cloud load balancing, like other types of load balancing, allows you to maximize application dependability and performance at a cheaper cost and with easy scaling to meet demand without sacrificing service. This ensures that consumers have uninterrupted access to the programs they need, when they need them.

Cloud Management Platform (CMP)

Users can manage public, private, and hybrid cloud settings with this comprehensive software. Self-service interfaces, offer system images, enable invoicing and metering, and give some level of workload optimization via set policies are all common features of CMPs. A cloud management platform can assist a company in adapting to a more complex cloud-based IT strategy.

Cloud migration

It is the process of moving apps, data, and other business pieces from a company’s on-site premises to the cloud, or from one cloud environment to another (cloud-to-cloud migration). When a CIO decides to migrate to the cloud, he or she must examine the organization’s requirements, evaluation criteria, and architecture principles, according to Richard Watson, a principal analyst at Gartner.

Cloud operating system (cloud OS)

It’s the name of a specialized operating system for managing cloud computing and virtualization systems. It provides all of the common services required by virtual machine applications. Microsoft’s Windows Azure is an example. The term “cloud OS” can also refer to a light operating system for tablet PCs or netbooks, such as Google’s Chromebook, that access data and Web-based apps from remote servers. Chrome OS is a good example.


The convergence of IoT, mobile computing, and cloud computing has given rise to a new architectural element. It acts as the middle tier of a three-tier hierarchy, i.e. intelligent device, cloudlet, and cloud, to bring cloud computing capacity closer to intelligent devices at the network’s edge. The fundamental goal of a cloudlet is to improve the reaction time of mobile apps by employing high-bandwidth wireless connectivity, low latency, and physically bringing cloud computing resources, such as virtual computers, closer to the devices that access them.

Cloud Security

A collection of control-based methods, rules, and technologies is devised and applied to protect cloud infrastructure, applications, and data. They must follow compliance requirements to keep potential compromises to a minimum. Password protection and data encryption are two examples of cloud security solutions.

Cloud Security Alliance:(CSA)

It’s a non-profit dedicated to spreading awareness of the best practices for protecting cloud computing systems. CSA draws on the subject matter expertise of industry practitioners, governments, associations, and its individual and corporate members to deliver cloud security-specific certification, education, research, products, and events.

Cloud Standards

Cloud Standards are a set of acceptable technological and service quality standards that apply to different cloud service providers based on their resources and service delivery. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) oversees it (ISO).

“Adoption of open cloud standards is one of the keys to unlocking the full and global potential of cloud computing,” says VMware. Winston Bumpus, VMware’s Director of Standards Architecture.